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DICIEMBRE 11
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Spain Travel Guide

Explore Andalucia



Andalucia – a region laying in Southern Spain, will attract you with its architectonical jewelleries such as Granada with its famous Alhambra, Sevilla travel guide with its giant Cathedral, Cordoba with an amazing mesquite, the cave Nerja with its prehistoric paintings (20,000 years old) and many others. Andalucia is a region of festivities, bullfights and Flamenco. Andalucia is a charming area with marvellous coast (especially Costa del Sol) where the world's elite goes to relax. The city belongs to the most beautiful and most visited region of all Spain. The first inhabitants of the region were Phoenicians, then Carthaginians and antique Romans. Nevertheless, the most visible is an influence of Moors (a mixed race of Arabs and Berbers who populated the region from 711 until 1492) with their Muslim constructions as well as Christians with their amazing cathedrals. Andalucia is covered by hundreds of old towers that remind of the complicated history of its Medieval Age.

Andalucia is the biggest Spanish region, extending from the Mediterranean to the shores of the Atlantic Ocean. This area is crossed by a long valley of the river Guadalquivir bordered by the mountain of Sierra Morena in the North and Sierra Nevada in the South. The National Park Cota Donana is also appreciable. Whoever is interested in traditional life of countrymen should visit Andalucian inland where he/she will find white villages untouched by tourism.

Andalucia cities

One of the greatest Andalucian attractions is its capital and the seat of the Autonomous Government - Seville.

Seville

This city, bursting with energy, is rich in pleasant sunny weather. In earlier times, it was a Roman Empire colony. Later when the city was under control of Arabians, the symbol of the city - Moorish fortress Alcazar was erected. After Arabian defeat, the fortress was gradually modified. However, buildings in the Mudejar (Moorish) style were erected many years after Arabians leaving. A famous Seville monument is the Cathedral with its bell tower Giralda (Moorish remain). The Cathedral is the 3rd biggest European cathedral. Other sights are Torre de Oro (the Golden Tower), the crypt of Christopher Colombo (as the city served as an important port after America discovery) and the Maria Luisa Park. Typical attractions of the city are Flamenco dancers, bullfights, tapas (a traditional Spanish meal) bars and many festivities of which the most famous is Semana Santa that takes place a week before Easter holidays. Many of Seville monuments are inscribed in the list of UNESCO.

Cordoba

Another Andalucian city that is worth of visit is Cordoba. Like other Spanish cities and towns, Cordoba can show off its lovely nature too. The city is rich in green, especially palms that are in contrast to reddish dry earth. A tourist can find large squares combined with narrow streets and Arabian architecture completed with Antique Roman monuments such as a bridge over the local river Quadalquivir. However, the city highlight is represented by the fascinating and the most beautiful Spanish mesquite Grand Mosque of Cordoba. Its first part was erected by Moors in 796 AD and its last part around 1000 AD. Another sight located there is a Jewish synagogue, the only one in the whole Andalucia. Behind Jewish quarter, a statue of the local native – the philosopher Seneca is placed. The most important Christian monument is represented by the Palace of Catholic kings.

Granada

Granada – a city situated into the beautiful nature on the foot of Sierra Nevada, 70 km from the sea. A pomegranate has been a symbol of Granada since the time of Catholic kings. The city, protected by UNESCO, is rich in magical monuments dating back to the period of the Moorish domination. A highlight of the city is represented by the Moorish palace Alhambra, built up between 1284 and 1354. Other monuments that worth a visit are the gardens of the palace Generalife and the Gypsies cave quarter Sacromonte. Granada, as the last Moorish kingdom in Spain, was defeated by Christians in 1492.

The National Park Cota Donanaz, lying in the mouth of the river Guadalquivir, is one of the most significant swampy European reserves and a resort of birds moving between Europe and Africa.

The next interesting place of the area, however not belonging to the Spanish kingdom, is Gibraltar – a British colony and fortress guarding Gibraltar Channel between Europe and Africa. The colony lays on Tariq's Rock covering area of 6 km2. Gibraltar has around 30,000 habitants consisting of various nationalities such as English, Spanish, Italians and Arabs. A watch-light was built there in 1838 by the then governor. Cave of St. Michal presents the next interesting place that has been known since prehistory.

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