The Alhambra in Granada
This monumental Moorish fortified palace is inscribed is considered as a world heritage site by the UNESCO. It has an extraordinary beauty. Its plateau gives a broad outlook over the city of Granada and plains situated in eastward and southward from the city. Moorish poets compare Alhambra to "a pearl imbedded in an emerald" in relation to the colours of the palace's buildings and forests altogether.
The palace is unbelievably brilliant! Its founder was the Moorish sultan Muhammad I, who was also known as Ibn al-Ahmar, in 1284. Its construction was completed in 1354. When Christians defeated Granada, the complex went through a period of destruction. However, Alhambra remains as the most beautiful example of Moorish Art. Later, they made extensions to the palace. An Arabic style can be found in the decoration of the palace. It has a strict and traditional model of leaves and geometric decorations that were elaborated in arabesques. Decorated areas are mostly seen on wall coatings.
The palace is surrounded by the Alameda de la Alhambra Park. There is rich flora such as the green, orange trees, myrrh and elm trees during the spring. The park is well known for its nightingale singing as well as for water running from many fountains and waterfalls.
One of Spain's most visited places is Barcelona. The highlights of the city are the impressive and original constructions of the architect Antonio Gaudi (1852-1926.) His work is a mix of the Secession, Modernism, nature motifs, elements of Arabic-Spanish art and emphatic colours. All of these components have made the city of Barcelona very unique and impressive to the world. Several Gaudi's constructions are considered as a world heritage site by the UNESCO. Gaudi's most important constructions are: La Sagrada Familia (Cathedral of the Sacred Family), which became a symbol of the city, Casa Milà (a house nicknamed "La Pedrera"), Casa Batlló and the large Güell's Park where the Museum of Gaudi is located along with many buildings and sculptures that were designed with Gaudi's typical "broken tile" style in addition to elegant organic curves.
If you like to contemplate the best works of Spanish artists, you should visit the Miró Foundation that is located in Barcelona, Goya's masterpieces at the Museum del Prado, in Madrid and Picasso's Guernica at the Museum of National Artistic Centre of Reina Sofia (also in Madrid.) However, an important collection of Picasso's work is placed at the new Picasso Museum in Malaga, his birth city. The last but not least art works belonging to fSalvador Dali are located in his surrealistic museum/mausoleum in Figueres, located at the north of Spain.
This very sunny part of Spain attracts tourists from all around the world. Maybe it is because of its lovely sea or because of its long history and tradition. Nevertheless, Andalusia is the most beautiful region of Spain.
The city of Toledo lays 70 km northward from Madrid holds precious monuments, art and handicrafts. That's why, a tourist should reserve at least 2 days for a sightseeing tour. The city was also named a world heritage site by the UNESCO.
The Canary Islands are located north-westward from the African continent.
The islands consist of several smaller islands such as Tenerife, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote and La Palma. Beautiful nature, big number of sand beaches and miscellaneous cuisines are the best part of the islands. The islands are sometimes called the "Islands of the Eternal Spring". Its subtropical location attracts loads of tourists from all around the world. Four of seven main Spain's natural reservations are located just there. The islands' landscape varies a lot; so, you can find there everything from sand dunes via wild rainforest to high peaks such as the active volcano Mount Teide (Spain's highest mountain.)
Flamenco is a typical music-dancing style of Andalusia. This dance style arose among Gypsies who arrived to Andalusia in the 15th century. As they passed through countries such as India, Pakistani and Egypt, it was possible to notice a mix of the Gypsy culture with other cultures. Flamenco experienced a decline 25 years ago; however, its importance has been regained thanks to tourism. Flamenco dancers use colourful and long skirts that follow the sound of clapping castanets and fascinating rhythms produced by flamenco guitars.