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Avila Travel Guide

Explore Avila

In Spain, there are three interesting destinations near Madrid; we are talking about Toledo, San Lorenzo del Escorial and Avila de los Caballeros. Avila is one of the most important provinces in Spain. There is an amazing landscape in the south of the province called the Sierra de Gredos that form a beautiful scene. In addition, tourists can find rivers, foothills and small mountains.

Avila is the perfect place to make a short break; there are plenty of buildings with an ancient architecture; Renaissance palaces and Romanesque churches. Avila is very famous around Spain for its spectacular city walls surrounding the entire town and for being home to Saint Teresa of Jesus (Santa Teresa de Jesus). Saint Theresa was a devoted catholic woman who wrote many books dedicated to Jesus. Avila was also considered as world heritage by the UNESCO.

The Cathedral

The cathedral of Avila also known as the Cathedral of Saint Salvador is a master piece combination of two different styles. It is one of the most representative buildings in Avila after the city walls.

As we know, the cathedral of Avila is a good example of the Roman influence in Spain because the design has a predominant Romanesque style. This building possesses many interesting elements such as a cloister, towers, vaults and flying buttresses.
It was constructed in 1095 and was dedicated to San Salvador. During the 12th and 14th centuries the cathedral was remodeled and changed drastically into a gothic style. The changes are really visible in the interior of the cathedral. Tourists can see the contrast clearly, there is a combination between a Romanesque and a Gothic architectonic style. The red stone represent Roman architecture, while the white stone refers to the Gothic style.

There is also an important museum situated next to the cathedral; it has interesting artifacts and beautiful religious items. Pedro de Mena, El Greco and Fernando Gallego are the responsible for all the artwork that visitors can find in this museum.

Basilica de San Vicente

The Basilica de San Vicente is another building that has a Romanesque architectonic style. It was constructed during the 12th century approximately and it is considered one of the main important churches after the cathedral. According to the legend, the church stands on the exactly place where Saint Vincent was martyred by the Romans.

The Basilica de San Vicente possesses three apses and three naves. In addition, visitors can see beautiful paintings with artistic motifs such as plants, animals, fantastic creatures and human figures around the church.
Convento de San José

This convent was built in 1562 thanks to the support of Saint Teresa of Avila. Although the convent is not inside the fortified city, visitors can easily find the building because is not far from the center of the city. The church has a lot of personal items of San José. In 1968 it was declared as an important monument of the country. Nowadays, the convent is a popular museum called Therese Museum of Discalced Carmelites. In the interior of the convent visitors can only see one nave.

Convento de la Encarnación

The Convent of the Incarnation is also outside of the city walls; however, it is really easy to find. This building is pretty important for local people because Saint Teresa of Jesus spend the majority of her life in this place. The saint had many divine mystical experiences while living in the convent.

This construction was built during the 16th century approximately. The Convent of the Incarnation was one of the most famous buildings in Avila in that time. Saint Teresa de Jesus received some important advices from Juan de la Cruz, Francisco de Borja and Pedro de Alcántara.

Los Cuatro Postes (The Four Posts)

The Four Posts is an important landmark in Avila. It consists of a cross surrounded by fours post basically. This monument is situated outside the city center, 15 minutes approximately. Visitors can enjoy one of the most spectacular views once they arrive to the place.

Convento de Santa Teresa

A large number of catholic pilgrims gather together in this convent every year. The convent was built during the 17th century. Visitors can find a small museum called the Sala de Reliquias containing personal items of Saint Theresa of Jesus such as her rosary, her sandals and a cord. In addition, there is a well-preserved small garden where the saint played when she was a child.

Church of San Pedro

This church is one of the oldest constructions found around the city. It was built during the 12th and 13th century. The Romanesque style was also applied. There are three naves and a singular Cistercian rose window. In addition, there is a triple apse and the interior of the church is full of beautiful paintings.

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